U.N.s ITU Chairman Favors Active Government Role in Internet Leaning Toward International Regulation

Terry Kramer, US ambassador to the World Conference on International Telecommunications 2012 (WCIT) spoke earlier this year at the Information Technology Council. (Photo: MANDEL NGAN/AFP/GettyImages)

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates (TheBlaze/AP) — A U.N. conference weighing possible Internet rules shifted into a high-stakes showdown on Thursday after advancing a proposal for greater government oversight. The proposal was a blow to U.S.-led efforts to keep new regulations from touching the Net.

The move frames the ideological divide at the 193-nation gathering in Dubai, which is scheduled to wrap up Friday with its first revisions of global telecom rules since 1988 – years before the dawn of the Internet age.

“It’s not a crime to talk about Internet inside the ITU,” said the group’s secretary-general, Hamadoun Toure, suggesting high-level support to keep debate going on Internet issues.

In response, the head of the U.S. delegation, Ambassador Terry Kramer, said: “We do not believe the focus of this conference should be on the Internet and we did not come to this conference in anticipation of a discussion on the Internet.”

A Western bloc led by a powerhouse U.S. delegation seeks to block any U.N. rules on cyberspace, fearing they could squeeze Web commerce and open the door for more restrictions and monitoring by authoritarian regimes.

A rival group – including China, Russia, Gulf Arab states and others – continues to favor U.N. backing for a stronger sway by governments over all levels of Internet affairs.

They appeared to win a critical preliminary battle early Thursday when the meeting’s chairman declared consensus on a proposal for a more “active” government role in Internet dealings. There was no formal vote, but Mohammed Nasser al-Ghanim said he based his decision on “the temperature of the room” following marathon negotiations.

That brought an immediate backlash from the U.S. and its backers, which questioned the procedure and vowed to keep any new Internet rules from the final treaty by the U.N.’s International Telecommunications Union, or ITU.

The group – formed in the 1860s when the telegraph ushered in instant communications – has no powers to instantly change how the Internet operates. It also cannot compel reforms by states that already widely censor cyberspace.

But the U.S.-led coalition at the talks argues that any U.N. codes sanctioning greater government roles in the Net – even under the framework of state security – could be used as justification for even more controls from Web watchers in places such China, Iran and other nations.

The host United Arab Emirates announced stricter Internet laws last month that outlaw postings such as insulting rulers or calling for protests.

Nations favoring a heavier government hand are likely emboldened by getting their resolution adopted. However, it still needs to clear at least two more hurdles before it can be considered for the final document and will face strong opposition from the U.S. and others.

The Washington Post reported a senior administration official, who spoke anonymously given that the U.N.’s deliberations are internal, saying the U.S. would not sign the treaty.

“We can’t conceive of a signing the text without a major revision at this point,” the official said.

“We’re not going to submit to a treaty that regulates private networks,” the official continued, according to the Washington Post. “This began as a telecommunications negotiation and it became a referendum on the Internet, and the Internet doesn’t need new regulation.”

The U.S. team in Dubai includes heavy hitters from the tech world such as Microsoft Corp. and Google Inc., which also have stood up against proposals by European telecoms companies to charge Internet content providers for access to domestic markets around the world. Last week, U.S. Congress unanimously passed a resolution that would ban U.N. Internet control.

A statement from the Internet Society, an international group promoting openness in cyberspace, called the advancement of the proposal “clearly a disappointing development.”

Michael Beckerman, president and CEO of the Washington-based industry group The Internet Association, said the efforts for greater government controls could “forever alter” the current framework of the Net.

“The Internet is one of the greatest engines for economic growth, freedom and prosperity the world has ever known,” Beckerman said in the statement. “The unique nature of the Internet – free from government control and governed by multiple stakeholders – has unleashed unprecedented entrepreneurialism, creativity, innovation, and freedom far beyond imagination. Preserving a free Internet for all people is essential to the preservation of political and economic liberty.

Other issues on the table include calls for more transparency on roaming charges by mobile phone companies, efforts to fight Internet fraud and spam and creation of a worldwide emergency number for mobile phones and other devices.