BAGHDAD (AP) — A wave of bombings, mainly targeting markets in and near Baghdad, killed 36 people on Tuesday, officials said, the latest in a surge of violence that has gripped Iraq.
Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, meanwhile, vowed to defeat “terrorists” behind the relentless attacks and chase them out of the battered country.
Violence has been on the rise across Iraq following a deadly crackdown by government forces on a Sunni protest camp in April but attacks against civilians and security forces have especially spiked since the start of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan in early July.
The uptick in the bloodshed has raised fears of a return to the widespread killing that pushed the country to the brink of civil war after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion.
The deadliest among Tuesday’s attacks came before sunset, when a car bomb exploded near a market in Baghdad’s southeastern suburbs of Nahrwan, police officials said. That attack killed six people and wounded 17.
Later, a car bomb went off in a busy market in Baghdad’s downtown neighborhood of Karradah, killing five people and wounding 18.
At night, a car bomb hit near a cafe in the city’s northeastern suburb of Husseiniyah, killing five people and wounding 15. Minutes later, another car bomb exploded in Husseiniyah, killing three people and wounding 10.
Isam Mohammed, the owner of a pharmacy near the site of the bombing in Karradah, said he was talking to a customer when he heard a big explosion.
“I fell to the floor because of the powerful blast. Seconds later, I stood up and went outside to see dead bodies and wounded people asking for help. The scene was shocking,” said Mohammed, who was wounded slightly in the head.
He blamed al-Maliki’s Shiite-led government and the security forces for the continuing security setback in the country.
“Government officials have only fortified the places where they and their families live,” he said. “They forget about the ordinary people who are being killed all the time.”
In southeastern Baghdad, a car bomb went off near an outdoor market in the Shiite neighborhood of Zafaraniyah as people were shopping before iftar, the evening meal that beaks the daytime fasting during Ramadan. Three people were killed and 10 were wounded there, officials said.
Also, a bombing in a commercial street in the Dora area in southern Baghdad killed four and wounded 11. Police said another car bomb exploded near a market before sundown in southwestern Baghdad, killing five people and wounding 15.
Also, a car bomb exploded late Monday night near an ice cream shop in the Abu Dashir area in southwestern Baghdad, killing five people and wounding 16.
Medical officials confirmed the casualty figures for all attacks. All officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media.
Popular outdoor places such as cafes and markets have been a favorite target for insurgents.
Earlier on Tuesday, al-Maliki inspected military units near the Iraqi capital. According to a statement on his official website, al-Maliki said the Iraqi forces would “continue chasing the terrorists until they are eliminated from Iraq.”
With Tuesday’s deaths, at least 657 people have been killed since the start of Ramadan, according to an Associated Press count, making it the bloodiest Ramadan in Iraq since 2007.
A car bomb in a pro-regime district near the Syrian capital killed at least 18 people on Tuesday while rebels captured a major air base in the north and swept through a string of villages in the heartland of President Bashar Assad’s minority Alawite sect in the west.
The push by the opposition fighters is shaping up to be one of their strongest campaigns against government forces, which have recently captured significant territory in central Syria.
The powerful car bomb struck in Damascus’ suburb of Jaramana late on Tuesday, killing 18 and setting several buildings and many cars on fire, the state-run SANA news agency said. Syrian state TV footage showed firefighters battling the blaze as residents stared in disbelief amid debris and mangled cars.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the attack. Rebels fighting to oust Assad have frequently targeted areas where regime supporters and members of the government and security forces live. Rebel groups linked to al-Qaida have claimed some of the deadliest car bombings and suicide attacks in the capital and beyond.
In the north, rebels captured a major air base, depriving Assad’s forces of a main post near the border with Turkey and opening up a key road for supplies for their fighters from the neighboring country.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said members of the al-Qaida-linked Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant led the battle for the Mannagh helicopter base.
After months of trying to take it, the rebels launched an all-out offensive on Monday, when a Saudi suicide attacker blew up his vehicle outside the command center, the Observatory said. They captured the sprawling compound before dawn Tuesday, according to another activist group, the Aleppo Media Center.
State media denied the base had fallen, and SANA said the nation’s “armed forces are confronting terrorists with great courage” inside the base. Assad’s regime refers to opposition fighters as terrorists, claiming they are part of conspiracy by the West and Gulf Arab countries like Saudi Arabia to destroy Syria.
At least 10 rebels, including foreign fighters were killed in the fighting, according to the Observatory, which also said rebels had taken prisoner a number of government troops. It did not say how many soldiers died in the fighting.
Rebel victories have been comparatively rare in recent months, and Assad’s forces have been on the offensive in central Syria.
Mannagh, in the northern Aleppo province, is deep inside territory dominated by the Syrian opposition. Rebels have been trying since last year to capture it, but faced strong resistance.
Rebels seized a part of the base in June, and since then, its fall had been widely expected. It’s the largest base to fall to the rebels since opposition forces captured the Taftanaz base in the northern province of Idlib in January.
Syria’s main opposition bloc, the Western-backed Syrian National Coalition, hailed the capture of the base, saying rebels “fully liberated the Mannagh air base and will transfer it from a regime tool for oppression to a minaret of liberation.”
Amateur videos released by activists showed damaged helicopters and rebels walking inside the base. A few tanks and armored personnel carriers could also be seen. “Thanks to God, the airport was fully liberated and here are the spoils,” a narrator said as several rebels posed in front of an APC and green wooden ammunition boxes. The videos appeared genuine and corresponded to other Associated Press reporting on the events depicted.
The capture of Mannagh could now free hundreds of opposition fighters to reinforce other fronts, including the sieges of the nearby Shiite-majority towns of Nubul and Zahra, which are in regime hands.
Syria’s conflict has taken on an increasingly sectarian tone in the last year, pitting predominantly Sunni Muslim rebels against members of Assad’s Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam.
In the predominantly Alawite province of Latakia on the Mediterranean coast, the rebels captured 11 villages, edging closer to Assad’s ancestral home in the region, the village of Qardaha.
The opposition’s gains in Latakia, an Alawite stronghold that has been peaceful for much of the Syrian conflict, is a symbolic blow to the regime and a boost to the rebels.
But those gains have been overshadowed by reports from activists that more than 80 people were killed in two of the villages overran by opposition fighters. The activists spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisals. If confirmed, the slayings will likely deepen Syria’s sectarian strife.
Syria’s crisis started as largely peaceful uprising against Assad’s rule in March 2011 but turned into a civil war after opposition supporters took up arms to fight a brutal government crackdown. More than 100,000 people have been killed in the violence.
The SNC on Tuesday accused the government of carrying out several “massacres” during the holy month of Ramadan alone, killing hundreds of civilians.
The Observatory reported heavy fighting in Latakia throughout Tuesday while SANA said the army launched a counter-offensive and by evening, recaptured two villages. There were no immediate reports of casualties.
Also Tuesday, pro-government daily Al-Watan said rebel kidnapped Sheik Badreddine Ghazal, a prominent Alawite cleric in Latakia region. The paper said he was taken Monday from the village of Barouda, one of those captured by earlier rebels.
A government official in Damascus confirmed Ghazal’s abduction saying the cleric was “severely beaten” by his captors. The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations, did not give further details.