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It's a Big Mystery': Aviation Officials Baffled by What Caused Several SkyWest Plane Passengers to Pass Out Midair

A SkyWest regional jet sits on the tarmac on the opposite end of the St. George Municipal in July. (Photo: AP/The Spectrum, Jud Burkett)

Story by the Associated Press; curated by Jon Street.

HARTFORD, Conn. (AP) -- An airline passenger said he had trouble breathing, and others felt ill, but the airline said Thursday that an inspection found no mechanical faults after the jet made an emergency landing in New York.

A SkyWest regional jet sits on the tarmac on the opposite end of the St. George Municipal in July. (Photo: AP/The Spectrum, Jud Burkett) A SkyWest regional jet sits on the tarmac on the opposite end of the St. George Municipal in July. (Photo: AP/The Spectrum, Jud Burkett)

And while federal safety officials had no explanation for what happened on the aircraft on Wednesday, aviation experts said the flight crew did the right thing by quickly descending to 10,000 feet, an altitude with life-giving oxygen levels.

SkyWest Flight 5622, operating as United Express and carrying 75 passengers, left O'Hare airport in Chicago on Wednesday morning and was bound for Bradley International Airport near Hartford. The Embraer E170 began a steep, rapid descent from its cruising altitude of 37,000 feet after the crew declared an emergency and landed in Buffalo late Wednesday morning.

A U.S. official said the crew acted because of word of illness in the cabin but didn't report to controllers any problems with the aircraft.

"It's a big mystery," said the official, who was familiar with the incident but wasn't authorized to speak publicly and spoke on the condition of anonymity.

"They told us there was a leak in something and the pressurization was cutting short," he said. "They said if you got lightheaded, that was normal, but that we were going to have to descend and make an emergency landing."

He said several passengers were given oxygen.

"None of the air vents were working, and it was hard to breathe. You just felt that your chest was caving in, and then the plane descended so rapidly and that didn't help," Johnson said. "Me and my girlfriend, we were looking at each other. We were like, `We don't feel good.' Everything was so bright, and when you blinked, you would see dots."

Inspections by airline mechanics and local authorities show "absolutely nothing wrong with the aircraft," SkyWest Inc. spokeswoman Marissa Snow said.

She said she had no confirmation that air wasn't coming from the vents in the cabin or that the air handling system in the cabin was faulty.

For nearly eight minutes, the plane descended at a steep angle, dropping as fast as 7,000 feet per minute, the flight tracking service FlightAware said.

The U.S. official said pilots did not report a pressurization problem, oxygen masks didn't deploy and pressure in the cabin was recorded as equivalent to 8,000 feet, which is normal. No smell was reported, and investigators have found no evidence that any door was opened.

There were three pilots in the cockpit, the normal flight deck crew of two pilots plus a SkyWest check airman, who performs occasional evaluations of pilots' flying skills.

[sharequote align="right"]"Pressurization would have to be the No. 1 suspect."[/sharequote]

The U.S. official and the airline, which is based in St. George, Utah, said 14 passengers and one flight attendant reported symptoms, were evaluated after landing and required no further treatment. The airline said three people lost consciousness, but the official said that wasn't the case.

The Federal Aviation Administration on Wednesday said initial information indicated the jet may have had a pressurization problem, but that turned out to be incorrect.

"Pressurization would have to be the No. 1 suspect," said William Waldock, a safety science professor at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, "unless there was some sort of toxic gas or something else that nobody could smell or see."

Waldock said, however, if the air became contaminated it's likely that far more passengers would have been affected. If combustion fumes entered the cabin, he added, people probably would have detected a burning smell.

He said the pilots acted "by the book" in descending rapidly.

An aviation safety consultant and former airline pilot, John Cox, said the plane's rate of descent wouldn't be considered extreme.

"It's like going down a hill," he said.

The National Transportation Safety Board was trying to understand the circumstances before deciding what, if any, action to take, a spokesman said. The FAA said it had no new information.

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