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New report reveals the 10 states with the highest — and lowest — levels of household gun ownership

Where does your state rank?

Sergio Flores/Bloomberg via Getty Images

A new report shows that household gun ownership in America has gone down over the last 40 years, and nearly every state in the union has followed that trend. There are currently only 11 states where at least 50% of households have firearms.

The Rand Corporation updated its Gun Policy in America initiative this week with a new report on gun ownership rates in the U.S. since 1980. The new report, "State-Level Estimates of Household Firearm Ownership," shows the rate of household gun ownership for every state compared to the national average.

According to Rand's research, 45% of American households had firearms in 1980. By 2016 (the most recent data available), that rate had dropped 13 points to 32%.

The decline happened in almost every state — from the most pro-gun to the most anti-gun.

For example, the five "best gun-friendly states" as ranked by Guns & Ammo magazine — Arizona, Idaho, Alaska, Kansas, and Oklahoma — all saw their rates of household gun ownership fall.

  • Arizona dropped 22 points (58% to 36%)
  • Idaho dropped 13 points (67% to 54%)
  • Alaska dropped 19 points (75% to 56%)
  • Kansas dropped 17 points (57% to 40%)
  • Oklahoma dropped 8 points (60% to 52%)

The magazine's five "worst gun-friendly states" — California, Hawaii, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and New York — saw similar drops:

  • California dropped 23 points (39% to 16%)
  • Hawaii dropped 16 points (25% to 9%)
  • New Jersey dropped 12 points (21% to 9%)
  • Massachusetts dropped 10 points (19% to 9%)
  • New York dropped 9 points (22% to 13%)

So, which states have the highest and lowest rates of household gun ownership? We rank them below, based on Rand's most recent data available. You'll also see where the states stood in 1980 (the furthest back the report goes), as well as each state's most recent record highs and lows within the data set.

TOP 10 STATES

No. 1: Montana

2016 Rate: 63%
● 1980 Rate: 74%
● Record high: 75% (1984)
● Record low: 62% (2010)

No. 2: Wyoming

2016 Rate: 58%
● 1980 Rate: 79%
● Record high: 79% (1980)
● Record low: 57% (2011)

No. 3: West Virginia

2016 Rate: 57%
● 1980 Rate: 62%
● Record high: 63% (1985)
● Record low: 55% (1998)

No. 4: Alaska

2016 Rate: 56%
● 1980 Rate: 75%
● Record high: 75% (1980)
● Record low: 56% (2016)

No. 5: Idaho

2016 Rate: 54%
● 1980 Rate: 67%
● Record high: 68% (1982)
● Record low: 51% (2010)

No. 6: South Dakota

2016 Rate: 52%
● 1980 Rate: 59%
● Record high: 62% (1994)
● Record low: 51% (2014)

No. 7: North Dakota

2016 Rate: 52%
● 1980 Rate: 55%
● Record high: 59% (1988)
● Record low: 51% (2002)

No. 8: Oklahoma

2016 Rate: 52%
● 1980 Rate: 60%
● Record high: 65% (1989)
● Record low: 47% (2006)

No. 9: Alabama

2016 Rate: 51%
● 1980 Rate: 60%
● Record high: 63% (1990)
● Record low: 48% (2010)

No. 10: Missouri

2016 Rate: 51%
● 1980 Rate: 54%
● Record high: 56% (1990)
● Record low: 43% (2004)

BOTTOM 10 STATES

No. 50: New Jersey

2016 Rate: 9%
● 1980 Rate: 21%
● Record high: 25% (1982)
● Record low: 7% (2013)

No. 49: Massachusetts

2016 Rate: 9%
● 1980 Rate: 19%
● Record high: 21% (1992)
● Record low: 9% (2016)

No. 48: Hawaii

2016 Rate: 9%
● 1980 Rate: 25%
● Record high: 25% (1980)
● Record low: 7% (2015)

No 47: New York

2016 Rate: 13%
● 1980 Rate: 22%
● Record high: 28% (1990)
● Record low: 12% (2014)

No 46: Rhode Island

2016 Rate: 14%
● 1980 Rate: 13%
● Record high: 22% (1993)
● Record low: 10% (2013)

No. 45: California

2016 Rate: 16%
● 1980 Rate: 39%
● Record high: 41% (1982)
● Record low: 16% (2016)

No 44: Maryland

2016 Rate: 18%
● 1980 Rate: 41%
● Record high: 41% (1982)
● Record low: 18% (2016)

No. 43: Connecticut

2016 Rate: 19%
● 1980 Rate: 28%
● Record high: 34% (1992)
● Record low: 16% (2012)

No. 42: Illinois

2016 Rate: 23%
● 1980 Rate: 31%
● Record high: 36% (1990)
● Record low: 22% (2008)

No. 41: Florida

2016 Rate: 28%
● 1980 Rate: 45%
● Record high: 45% (1983)
● Record low: 26% (2003)

One last thing…
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