CAIRO (TheBlaze/AP) -- Authorities escalated their crackdown Wednesday on the Muslim Brotherhood, ordering the arrest of its spiritual leader for inciting violence this week in which more than 50 people were killed in clashes with security forces.
One week after the military overthrew President Mohammed Morsi and began moving against his Muslim Brotherhood movement, prosecutors issued a warrant for the arrest of the group's supreme leader, Mohammed Badie, as well as nine other leading Islamists.
An Egyptian protester holds an anti-Muslim brotherhood poster showing defaced images of Egyptian Islamist President Mohammed Morsi, center left, and Muslim Brotherhood leader Mohammed Badie, center right, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, March 2, 2013. (Photo: AP)
According to a statement from the prosecutor general's office, they are suspected of instigating the violence on Monday outside of a Republican Guard building that grew into the worst violence since Morsi was toppled.
Members of the Brotherhood and other Islamists have denounced the toppling of Morsi and have refused offers by the military-backed interim leadership to join any transition plan for a new government. They demand nothing less than Morsi's release from detention and his reinstatement as president.
Foreign Ministry spokeman Badr Abdel-Atti gave the first official word on Morsi in days, saying the ousted leader is in a safe place and is being treated in a "very dignified manner." No charges have been leveled against him, Abdel-Atti said.
"For his own safety and for the safety of the country, it is better to keep him ... otherwise, consequences will be dire," he added.
Thousands of Muslim Brotherhood supporters are continuing a sit-in at the Rabaah al-Adawiya Mosque near the Republican Guard building that was the site of Monday's clashes that killed 54 people, most of them Morsi supporters. The Islamists have accused the troops of gunning down protesters, while the military blamed armed backers of Morsi for provoking its forces.
After a week of violence and mass demonstrations, Egyptians were hoping that Wednesday's start of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan will significantly calm the streets. A time when most fast from sunup to sundown, the streets and atmosphere of the city tends to be significantly less energetic. However, there are still fears of unrest at night, after the fast is broken.
A man pauses on a bench on the first day of Ramadan, the sacred holy month for Muslims where many will fast from sun-up to sun-down on July 10, 2013 in Cairo, Egypt. (Photo: Getty Images)
The warrants highlight the armed forces' zero-tolerance policy toward the Brotherhood and other Islamists. The military already has jailed five Brotherhood leaders, including Badie's powerful deputy, Khairat el-Shaiter, and shut down its media outlets.
Muslim Brotherhood spokesman Gehad Haddad said in his Twitter account that the arrest warrants were the return of "same old police-state tactics." The Brotherhood was banned under autocrat Hosni Mubarak, and many of its leaders imprisoned.
The military-backed interim president, Adly Mansour, issued a fast-track timetable Monday for the transition. His declaration set out a seven-month timetable for elections but also a truncated, temporary constitution laying out the division of powers in the meantime.
The accelerated process was meant, in part, to reassure the U.S. and other Western allies that Egypt is on a path toward democratic leadership. But it has faced opposition from the very groups that led the four days of mass protests that prompted the military to remove Morsi on July 3.
The top liberal political group, the National Salvation Front, expressed reservations over the plan Tuesday, saying it was not consulted - "in violation of previous promises." The Front said the declaration "lacks significant clauses while others need change or removal," but did not elaborate.
The secular, revolutionary youth movement Tamarod that organized massive anti-Morsi demonstrations that led to his ouster also criticized the plan, in part because it gives too much power to Mansour, including the power to issue laws. A post-Morsi plan put forward by Tamarod called for a largely ceremonial interim president with most power in the hands of the prime minister.
At the heart of liberals' objections is that they wanted to write a new constitution, not amend the one written under Morsi by an Islamist-dominated panel. That constitution contained several articles that drew fierce criticism from liberal quarters, and helped sparked street protests and violence in 2012. Other objections centered on powers of the interim president.
But the only Islamist party that backed military's ouster of Morsi has been vetoing any rewriting of the constitution.
Opponents of Egypt's Islamist President Mohamed Morsi wearing shirts of the opposition Tamarod (Rebellion) group shout slogans during a protest calling for his ouster outside the presidential palace in Cairo on June 30, 2013. (Photo: AFP/Getty Images)
New Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi, who was appointed Tuesday by Mansour, is holding consultations on a Cabinet. In what is seen as an attempt at reconciliation, el-Beblawi has said he will offer the Brotherhood, which helped propel Morsi to the presidency, posts in his transitional government.
A Brotherhood spokesman said the group will not take part in an interim Cabinet, and that talk of national reconciliation under the current circumstances is "irrelevant." He spoke on condition of anonymity because of concerns for his security.
The rejection underlines the difficulties faced by the interim leadership in trying to stabilize Egypt and bridge the deep fissures in the country. The nascent government also will soon face demands that it tackle economic woes that mounted under Morsi, including fuel shortages, electricity cutoffs and inflation.
Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates provided a welcome boost Tuesday. The two countries, both opponents of Morsi's Brotherhood, celebrated his ouster by showering the cash-strapped Egyptian government with promises of $8 billion in grants, loans and badly needed gas and oil. On Wednesday, Kuwait said it would offer an aid package worth $4 billion.
The donations effectively step in for Morsi's Gulf patron, Qatar, a close ally of the Brotherhood that gave his government several billion in aid during his year in office.
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