This vote was on the USA Rights Act, an amendment designed to safeguard against the warantless surveillance of Americans.
Rep. Justin Amash, R-Mich., sponsored the amendment aimed at curtailing the National Security Agency's unconstitutional surveillance and providing more robust protections for American citizens’ Fourth Amendment rights. A bipartisan group of privacy advocates supported the measure to allow the government to continue strategic surveillance operations on foreign targets on foreign soil while strictly limiting "incidental" data collection conducted on Americans without a warrant.
The amendment was rejected just before the House voted to extend Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) for six more years.
Under Section 702, the National Security Agency has sweeping authority to collect incidental data on Americans while spying on foreign targets. The collected information, including emails and text messages, is stored and can be queried by law enforcement without a warrant or even probable cause.
The USA Rights Act would have required a warrant for non-emergency access to Section 702 data on Americans.
The House voted on and rejected this amendment on January 11, 2018 in a roll call vote of 233 to 183.
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Conservative position: YES