The Texas Department of State Health Services removed over 3,000 cases from its statewide COVID-19 cases total because the San Antonio Metro Health District was including probable cases in their case totals.
The Texas Department of Health reported 10,791 new confirmed COVID-19 cases on Wednesday, but admitted they removed thousands more because they were "probable" and not "confirmed."
Texas health officials removed 3,484 coronavirus cases Wednesday from the state's total COVID-19 count. The Texas Department of State Health Services made the announcement on its official Facebook page:
"The San Antonio Metro Health District has clarified its reporting to separate confirmed and probable cases, so the Bexar County and statewide totals have been updated to remove 3,484 probable cases. The local case count previously included probable cases identified by antigen testing but not those from antibody testing or other sources."
"Since we report confirmed cases on our dashboard, we have removed 3,484 previously reported probable cases from the statewide and Bexar County totals," Chris Van Deusen, a spokesman for the health agency, told the Austin American-Statesman.
"The State of Texas today had to remove 3,484 cases from its Covid-19 positive case count, because the San Antonio Health Department was reporting 'probable' cases for people never actually tested, as 'confirmed' positive cases," KDFW-TV news anchor Steve Eagar tweeted on Wednesday. "What other departments make this same mistake?"
According to KSAT-TV, the Texas Department of State Health Services can declare a person to be COVID-19-positive without getting a polymerase chain reaction diagnostic test as long as the individual meets two of three of the following criteria:
- A positive quick-result antigen test
- Experiencing COVID-19 symptoms
- Close contact with a confirmed positive COVID-19 case
Technically, a person could go to a clinic, tell the physician that they are experiencing coronavirus symptoms and that they know a co-worker or relative has coronavirus, and the person could be declared to be coronavirus positive without actually being tested.
This week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention expanded COVID-19 symptoms:
- Fever or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- Loss of taste or smell
- Sore throat
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
The PCR test is a molecular diagnostic testing technique that inserts a 6-inch-long swab into the nasal cavity to detect the genetic material from the virus. Results take one day to a week.
Antigen tests are quick-response tests that "usually provide results diagnosing an active coronavirus infection faster than molecular tests, but antigen tests have a higher chance of missing an active infection," according to the Food and Drug Administration. Antigen tests, which are the less expensive test, detect proteins of the novel coronavirus in samples. Results usually take less than an hour.
San Antonio Mayor Ron Nirenberg defended the decision to include probable cases as confirmed cases.
"From a science perspective and medical perspective, it doesn't make any sense to not count these test results, as they are just as accurate in determining positive cases," Nirenberg said Friday. "This gives us a better sense of where the infections are so we can control it."
Earlier this week, the Florida Department of Health was exposed for having extremely high coronavirus positivity rates. Hospitals and clinics were reporting 100% or near 100% COVID-19 positivity rates, despite a report showing that they had a fraction of that.
An Introduction to COVID-19 Tests youtu.be