In the wake of Nelson Mandela's death, author and Loyola Economics Professor Thomas DiLorenzo wrote an article on Mandela's war against "massive government interventionism...for which he was imprisoned for twenty-seven years by the South Africa government."
Despite the fact that as DiLorenzo notes, "Unfortunately, Mandella himself was a socialist and a covert member of the executive committee of the South African Communist party who idolized such totalitarian monsters as Fidel Castro," the very apartheid forces that Mandella opposed were "instigated by white labor unions associated with various Marxist and communist movements. It was a pervasive system of government regulation, regimentation and control."
Two books that DiLorenzo cites in backing up this history include The Economics of the Colour Bar by Austrian economist William H. Hutt and South Africa's War Against Capitalism by George Mason economics professor Walter E. Williams.
Of the first title, published in 1964, DiLorenzo quoting Hutt notes that from the very beginnings of legally enforced apartheid in the early 1900s, "what the general secretary of the white workers’ labor union opposed was “the desire of the capitalist class to achieve economies by bringing better-remunerated and more responsible work within the reach of the Africans.”
Quoting Walter Williams, "The whole ugly history of apartheid has been an attack on free markets and the rights of individuals, and a glorification of centralized government power."