Specifically, the guidelines say one of the goals is "eliminating the use of outdated and imprecise terms, e.g., 'Oriental' to describe an Asian person or 'Caucasian' to describe a white person" and using more precise terms.
The document links to a 2020 article titled "Time to Phase Out 'Caucasian'" in which author Andrea Westby — an assistant professor in the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at the University of Minnesota — argues that "literally speaking, 'Caucasian' refers to people from the Caucasus mountain region, which includes Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, parts of north Iran, and central southern Russia."
Westby also noted in the piece that the use of "Caucasian" to describe white people serves the purpose of "prioritizing comfort of white people." She adds that "white people are uncomfortable with naming themselves as white" and that doing away with "Caucasian" can be seen as an "antiracist action."
"It is important to consider the implications and effects of the language we use, and the word Caucasian used indiscriminately when not rooted in historical context or impact does further racist assumptions and obstructs antiracist discourse," Westby adds.
As it happens, Campus Reform got in touch with Westby for comment, and the outlet said she replied stating that "'Caucasian' is a historically and geographically inaccurate descriptor for white people, so it would be preferable to use 'white' or specific geographically correct ancestry terms (Euro-American, etc)."
The outlet said the medical college's guidelines is hardly the first time higher education has targeted the term "Caucasian."
Susan Rinderle — a consultant Westby cites — claimed in 2014 that "at its root, 'Caucasian' is a pseudo scientific term used to create distance from race discussion or racial identification," Campus Reform said.
The outlet said it reached out to the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons as well as Rinderle but did not receive a response in time for publication.
This story has been updated.