The three-week funding bill Congress passed Monday to end the government shutdown was tied to an agreement that lawmakers would put immigration reform back on the negotiating table. The Feb. 8 deadline for the next spending bill to keep the government open will likely be determined by the progress made on an immigration reform package.
Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney told CNN's "New Day" Tuesday that the fate of immigration reform, including a legislative "fix" for DACA recipients who have been shielded from deportation, would depend on what the Trump administration can "get in exchange" in its dealings with Democrats in Congress.
"We want a large agreement. We want a big deal that solves the reason we have a DACA problem in the first place,” Mulvaney said, referring to immigration protections the Obama administration extended to hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants who were brought to the United States as children.
"What do we get for border security? What do we get for the wall?" Mulvaney continued. “If you simply gave amnesty, whatever you want to call it, to the folks who are here, but don’t solve border security, then you’re simply delaying another DACA 10 or 15 years from now. You have to deal with this holistically.”
So, what is the immigration debate going to look like over the coming weeks? There are several factors and issues that must be considered, and various proposals are in the works.
What are some of the proposals?
There are a number of proposals being floated in the House and Senate — some are merely ideas, others have been crafted into bills.
● Sens. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) and Dick Durbin (D-Ill.), among others, are working on a proposal that would offer legal status and eventual citizenship to young illegal immigrants, whether they currently have DACA protections or not, according to Vox. It would also allow those children's parents to apply for three-year renewable work permits, but would not allow them to become citizens through their children, also known as chain migration.
For border security and enforcement, the Graham-Durbin proposal would provide about a year's worth of funding for the border wall.
The plan also would replace the diversity lottery visa with "merit-based" visas for those from currently eligible "lottery" countries. The Diversity Visa Program is a lottery that grants up to 50,000 visas to people from countries with low rates of immigration to the U.S., according to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
Others who are facing losing Temporary Protected Status could be eligible for green cards. TPS is a temporary benefit that does not lead to lawful permanent resident status or give any other immigration status.
● A proposal from Reps. Pete Aguilar (D-Calif.) and Will Hurd (R-Texas) focuses more on "Dreamers" and would allow a path to citizenship, but would not allow for any accommodations for their parents, Vox reported.
For the border wall, there would be a framework in place to put DHS in charge of developing a strategy for border protections and operations. It's not clear whether the bill would provide funding for the wall.
Also, the plan would call for hiring more judges and clerks for immigration courts that are backed up for months, or even years, for deportations.
● The 150-member Republican Study Committee, the largest group of House Republicans made up of more than half the GOP conference, announced Tuesday it's endorsing the Securing America’s Future Act.
The bill, introduced by GOP Reps. Bob Goodlatte (Va.), Mike McCaul (Texas), Raul Labrador (Idaho), and Martha McSally, (Ariz.), would give legal status to certain younger illegal immigrants, but that would come only with a number of hard-line conservative immigration reforms, the Daily Caller reported.
The Securing America’s Future Act would call for "mandatory e-Verify, punishments for sanctuary cities, tighter asylum standards, and significant cuts to legal immigration levels," according to the Daily Caller.
More moderate GOP lawmakers have dismissed the bill because there's no path to citizenship for former DACA recipients. It only allows for renewable work authorization status.
How much would a border wall cost?
Estimates to build the border wall along the U.S. and Mexico border, range anywhere from $8 billion to $67 billion or more, according to Fortune Magazine.
The Trump Administration wants $18 billion to $20 billion over 10 years for border security, some of which would be used to pay for new and replacement barriers at the border.
What does Trump want?
Trump has stood firm since campaigning for office that his administration would stop illegal immigration, secure the border, and build a wall.
Recently, Trump said he wants lawmakers to reach a DACA deal, but not at the cost of losing funding for the military, border security or the border wall.
Nobody knows for sure that the Republicans & Democrats will be able to reach a deal on DACA by February 8, but ever… https://t.co/2qBHLtCo1u— Donald J. Trump (@Donald J. Trump) 1516714477.0
In September, Trump ended the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program. Lawmakers have until March 5 to come up with a plan that addresses how to deal with the Dreamers who are already in the U.S. and ways to prevent the same problems in the future.