Gadhafi promised a "long war" in an audio broadcast played on state TV, Gadhafi said "we will not leave our land and we will liberate it" and claimed there were protests "everywhere" against the coalition action. He also said Tripoli would arm its civilians to fight back.
"We will exterminate every traitor and collaborator with America, Britain, France and the crusader coalition," the Libyan leader said, according to media reports. "They shall be exterminated in Benghazi or any other place."
State television said 48 people died in the U.S. and European strikes.
The New York Times reports that some Gadhafi supporters have gathered around his compound in Tripoli to act as human shields and show their support for the Libyan leader.