"The Biden Administration is committed to promoting an open, interoperable, reliable and secure Internet; protecting human rights online and offline; and supporting a vibrant, global digital economy," the White House said in a statement.
"Certain countries, including the People's Republic of China (PRC), do not share these values and seek to leverage digital technologies and Americans' data in ways that present unacceptable national security risks while advancing authoritarian controls and interests."
The new orders require the Department of Commerce to "evaluate foreign adversary connected software applications" under a new framework for identifying which foreign apps might pose security or data collection risks.
The Commerce Department is also directed to "make recommendations to protect against harm from the sale, transfer of, or access to sensitive personal data" of U.S. customers to foreign adversaries.
Biden's order does not address actions or investigations taken by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, which under Trump's direction set deadlines for apps like TikTok to divest from their foreign owners.
"The CFIUS action remains under active discussion by the US government," a senior administration official told the Verge.
President Trump's original executive order banning TikTok was blocked by a federal court injunction last December. The court had determined the ban was "arbitrary and capricious" because the Trump administration failed "to adequately consider an obvious and reasonable alternative before banning TikTok." Biden sidestepped pending litigation by repealing the order outright and issuing new directives.
The president will meet overseas with European and NATO leaders this week to discuss actions the international community can take to hold China more accountable.